Broccoli Sprouts

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Broccoli Sprouts

Broccoli is the member of cruciferous plant that also includes cabbages and cauliflower. Broccoli seeds have to be moistened and left in the dark for few days to allow them to grow. They can be stored in cool and dry place up to five years for sprouting later. Broccoli sprouts are actually three- to four day- old tiny broccoli plants that contain potent nutrients. The nutritional content in broccoli sprouts can vary, depending on the nutrient content in the growing environment.

Though broccoli sprouts have currently found their popularity in the United States, they actually have a thousand-year-old history. Health conscious people have embraced raw broccoli sprouts as a dietary staple for many years. In 1992, scientists at Johns Hopkins University found glucoraphanin in broccoli, which is the glucosinolate precursor of sulforaphane that is a cancer-fighting phytochemical. In 1997, another researcher discovered that three- to four-day-old broccoli sprouts have at least twenty times more glucoraphanin concentration than full-grown broccoli.

Researchers from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Bloomberg School of Public Health observed that broccoli sprouts can help the body detoxify carcinogens and that broccoli sprouts can help to eliminate cancer-causing toxins. The sulforaphane component in broccoli sprouts also inhibits the growth of cancer cells and helps the liver to detoxify the carcinogens from the body. Research held at Ulster University also showed that regular consumption of broccoli sprouts protects DNA from damage and lowers the risk of cancer.

The following lists different ways that broccoli sprouts have demonstrated promising results in treating different cancers and other ailments:

• Breast cancer: Studies at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center have shown that broccoli sprouts may inhibit cancerous stem cells and may shrink the existing tumor.1

• Bladder cancer: An extract from broccoli sprouts contains high dose of isothiocyanate, in particular sulforaphane, and has shown to prevent bladder cancer. Being a rich source of several isothiocyanate, broccoli sprouts lower the risk of developing bladder cancer.2

• Prostate cancer: Regular consumption of broccoli sprouts may help to reduce the risk of prostate cancer because it contains sulforaphane, which may prevent prostate cancer by activating some genes that can fight against this cancer.3

• Cardiovascular benefits: By normalizing blood pressure levels, broccoli sprouts help to reduce cardiovascular disease risk. A study has shown that regular eating of broccoli sprouts decreases triglyceride levels and significantly elevates levels of HDL, especially in type 2 diabetes patients.4

• Arthritis: Some active compounds in broccoli sprouts may help to prevent the most common form of arthritis. A study reports that sulforaphane inhibits certain enzymes responsible for the destruction of cartilage both in vitro and in vivo.5

1. Li, Yanyan, Zhang, Tao. “Sulforaphane, a Dietary Component of Broccoli/Broccoli Sprouts, Inhibits Breast Cancer Stem Cells.” Clinical Cancer Research, Vol.16, No9; May1, 2010

2. Abbaoui Besma, Riedi, Kenneth et al. “Inhibition of Bladder Cancer by Broccoli Isothiocyanates Sulforaphane and Erucin: Characterization, Metabolism, and Interconversion”. Molecular Nutrition Food Research. 2012 Nov; 56(11):1675-1687.)

3. Zhang Chengyue, Su, Zheng-Yuan et al. “Sulforaphane Enhances Nrf2 Expression in Prostate Cancer TRAMP C1 Cells Through Epigenetic Regulation.” Biochemical Pharmacology Pharmacology. 2013 May 1;85(9):1398-1404.

4. Bahadoran Zahra, Mirmiran Parvin. “Broccoli Sprouts Powder Could Improve Serum Triglyceride and Oxidized LDL/LDLcholesterol Ratio in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: a Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial.” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 2012 Jun;96(3):348-354

5. Davidson Rose, Jupp Orla et al. “Sulforaphane Represses Matrix-Degrading Proteases and Protects Cartilage from Destruction in Vitro and in Vivo”. Arthritis Rheumatism. 2013 Aug 27.

Excerpt from “Dr Matt’s Plan Living Longer and Healthier” by Dr. Matt Ferenc

Signed copy soft cover available at www.drmattsplan.com

The information from Dr Matt’s Plan is not intended as a substitute for medical professional help or advice but is to be used only as an aid in understanding current medical knowledge.

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